Who Can Adopt?

To adopt a child from another country and bring that child to live in the United States, you must first be found eligible to adopt under U.S. law.  The federal agency that makes this determination is U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), part of the Department of Homeland Security.  You may not bring an adopted child (or a child for which you have gained legal custody for the purpose of immigration and adoption) into the United States until USCIS determines that you are eligible to adopt from another country.

National Requirements

You must meet certain requirements to bring a foreign-born child whom you’ve adopted to the United States.  Some of the basic requirements include the following:

  1. You must be a U.S. Citizen.
  2. If you are unmarried, you must be at least 25 years old.
  3. If you are married, you must jointly adopt the child (even if you are separated but not divorced), and your spouse must also be either a U.S. citizen or in legal status in the United States.
  4. You must meet certain requirements that will determine your suitability as a prospective adoptive parent, including criminal background checks, fingerprinting, and a home study.

State Requirements

In addition to qualifying to adopt under U.S. law, you must also meet your home state’s requirements for prospective adoptive parents.  Learn more about individual state requirements on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website.

Foreign Country Requirements

Each country has its own requirements for adopting parents.  These are explained in the Country Information section of this website.

Number of Children Adopted by U.S. Citizens from Bulgaria

Statistics on visa issuance by the U.S. Embassy reflect the recent modest uptick in adoptions of Bulgarian children by American citizens after several years of very little activity:

FY    – Number of Children

2010 –   40
2011 –   75
2012 – 125
2013 – 157
2014 – 183
2015 – 184
2016 – 200
2017 – 146
2018 – 132
2019 – 132

An adoption council at the Ministry of Justice reviews the applications and matches children to families.  Priority is given to parents wishing to adopt a child with a medical condition.  Approximately 80% of the adopted children have been considered “special needs”, including older children (over age 7).